Small business tax deductions are important in order to offset high business taxes levied against small business owners and entrepreneurs. This is especially true for work from home entrepreneurs who file as sole proprietors, or as a Limited Liability Company aka LLC, with sole proprietor tax status. Small business owners can get hit with high tax bills thanks to Self Employment Taxes.
Self-employment taxes, or SE Tax, is so high because it includes taxes that would usually be paid by the employer. In a typical employer-employee scenario, the employee pays 6.2% in Social Security Taxes. The employer withholds this amount from the employee’s paycheck. What many people don’t realize is that the employer also pays 6.2% in social security tax for the employee.
A small business owner that files as a sole-proprietor is on the hook for the whole amount! The self-employment tax rate – sometimes called the SE tax rate – is 15.3%, which is 12.4% for social security taxes plus another 2.9% for Medicare taxes.
That 15.3% is on top of regular Federal Income Taxes. A successful small business owner in the 30% tax bracket, pays a blood curdling 45% tax rate. And, that is before adding in Medicare tax and state and local taxes.
In other words, a small business owner can easily end up paying 50% taxes!
Deduct Self-Employment Tax
The only good news in this whole equation is that half of the self-employment tax can be deducted when figuring adjusted gross income. Of course, this is small consolation because it results in under 2% tax savings. In order to keep from paying too much income tax, the entrepreneur needs to find bigger tax deductions and other small business tax breaks.
Some of the biggest small business tax deductions come from the purchase of equipment for the business. Unfortunately, big purchases are often considered capital expenditures that must be depreciated over the “useful life” of the product. The best small business tax advice is to get accelerated depreciation whenever possible to get higher tax deductions now.
The only defense against high taxes from running a small business is to get as many business tax deductions as possible. The business lowers its profit for tax purposes, and passes along less income to the business owner on Schedule C – Profit and Loss From Business Operations.
Section 179 Deduction 2014
IRS Section 179 allows for better small business tax deductions and bonus depreciation in some cases. A section 179 expense allows for business expenditures to be deducted immediately, instead of depreciated. This is very useful for dated tax depreciation limits like those that apply to high-tech equipment.
For example, a freelance writer needs a netbook for his freelance writing business, with a Section 179 deduction, the small business owner deducts $200 in the year the netbook was purchased, instead of deducting a measly $40 per year for five years.
The 2013 Limit for Section 179 Deductions was $500,000 for qualified capital expenditures. Unfortunately, for the Section 179 deduction limit for 2014 has been rest to $25,000. Congress is supposedly considering legislation to increase the limit and make that increase permanent, but with the dysfunction in Washington these days, even politicians claiming to support small business have other, more important, political agendas than actually helping small business.
Maximizing Section 179 Tax Deductions is important personal finance advice for any entrepreneur. You may also be interested in the IRS Mileage Rates for 2014 and the amount for the standard deduction 2014.
How do you save on your small business taxes?